Fine dust and other air pollutants according to the European environment Agency (EEA) to a year hundreds of thousands of people in Europe die prematurely. The Situation has improved slightly, however, a lot of people living in regions with high pollutant loads.
Despite an improvement in the quality of the air on the continent, the air pollution caused by fine dust, nitrogen dioxide, and ground has caused ozone in 2016 around 400,000 premature deaths in the EU alone, including tens of thousands of cases in Germany. This is evident from the annual report on air quality in Europe, the Agency published on Wednesday in Copenhagen.
Almost all living in towns and cities, Europeans were exposed to air pollution that go beyond the values recommended by the world health organization, WHO, also, ruled the sea. This pollution leads to health problems and lower life expectancy, but also to economic losses such as by growing costs in the health sector, and lower crop yields. A reduction in air pollution would reduce premature deaths and increase the productivity, was the Agency. The inhabitants of many European cities also requested a cleaner air for yourself and your children.
Europe has a unique Chance
"Europe now has a unique opportunity to an ambitious Agenda, with the help of the systematic causes of environmental pollution and air pollution addressed werden", EEA Director Hans Bruyninckx said. It was time to accelerate the changes in the areas of energy, food and Transport.
Particularly fine dust (PM2. 5) accounted for the EEA as a continuing health hazard: For a total of nearly 412.000 premature deaths in 41 European countries, he was, according to the Agency responsible. Including 374.000 were alone in the 28 EU member States and 59 600 in Germany. Nitrogen dioxide was around 71,000 (EU: 68 000, Germany: 11 900) deaths, ground-level ozone 15.100 (EU: 14 000, Germany: 2400). There are overlap effects – that means that some death cases, there are many underlying causes.
Data show that air quality is marginally improved
Although the air pollution was a Problem, confirmed by the data, that binding regulations and local measures to improve air quality effect showed, it said in the report. For example, the number of premature deaths due to particulate pollution in 2016 was decreased in comparison to the year 2015 to almost 17,000. Since 1990, this value had grown to about half a Million less.
However, still needed to be worked more intensively to the fact that the air quality is equivalent to everywhere in the EU the Standards, said EU environment Commissioner Karmenu Vella. It is simply unacceptable that you have to Worry about whether the air you breathe, whether safe or not, he was quoted as saying by the EEA. dpa/Rolf Venn Bernd , The ECJ has to a dispute over the construction of measuring stations for measuring of air quality judged.
That air pollution will continue to lower, be positive, said the managing Director of the Geographical Institute of the Humboldt University of Berlin, Christoph Schneider. However, their slow acceptance does not show that the efforts for cleaner air are almost everywhere in Europe.
Commenting on the results of the Reports of other scientists:
Prof. Dr. Nino Künzli, Deputy Director Swiss tropical and Public Health Institute
“The EEA report clearly shows that the world health organization WHO proposed concentrations of air pollutants can be met if the policy purports to these goals. The example of the nitrogen oxides, one recognizes the importance of health-oriented targets well: The annual mean values are only at ten percent of all monitoring stations of the WHO proposed, and of the EU as a threshold value predetermined value of 40 micrograms per cubic meter. Without cheating scandals, the Situation would be even better.“
Prof. Dr. Christoph Schneider, Professor of climate and geography managing Director of the Geographical Institute, Humboldt-University of Berlin
“The flat trend to slightly lower levels of air pollution from previous years continue, what is initially positive. However, The air pollution decreases so slowly that it is clear that the efforts for air pollution control are almost everywhere in Europe. The concentrations of the three main pollutants – particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and ozone remain in the Metropolitan areas of Europe rooms almost far, and, more generally, in Eastern Europe and in the North of Italy on the alarmingly high level.“
“The immensely high number of early deaths and the overall high loss of years of life show that, in comparison to transport, the health effects of air pollution accidents are much more serious. The real scandal with immense consequences for the health of the people in Europe, therefore, is not a lack of traffic safety, but the tab implementation of measures to comply with limit values on Thousands of measuring points in Europe and the high emissions, for example by the illegal shenanigans in the cleaning of exhaust gases of diesel cars.“
Prof. Dr. Hans-Peter Hutter, Deputy head of the Department for environmental hygiene and environmental medicine at the centre for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna
“How in the recent past has shown, there is the danger that some limits are about to be attacked, and various splinter groups say, for example, for higher limit values for NO2. Even though the scientific findings go in the opposite direction, namely, a further reduction in especially the fine dust-PM2.5-limit values for the annual mean value is urgently required. While the EU of 25 micrograms of PM2.5 per cubic metre requires air, are known to the WHO guideline of 10 micrograms per cubic meter. And a further reduction of this seems not to be excluded.“
Prof. Dr. Barbara Hoffmann, head of environmental epidemiology, Institute for occupational-, Social – and environmental medicine, Heinrich-Heine-University of Düsseldorf
“The good news is that the health consequences due to air pollution with fine dust in Germany and also in Europe in the last few years, in total, decreased slightly. Unfortunately, this decrease is very slow, and in some regions of Europe, especially in the East and the South, continue to be very significant loads of fine dust. The health effects of NO have declined in Germany in the last four years, however. These Figures show very clearly that we are still far away from a really adequate level of health protection of the population, and that further measures for air pollution control is urgently required.“
“The air pollution is – similar as for climate protection, that there is no single measure that can solve the Problem, but that all polluters interventions must be made. This means, for example, quite concretely: low-emission transport, especially in the cities as much as possible, with a Bicycle and public TRANSPORT, low-emission energy generation, the reduction of manure application in agriculture, and so on.“
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