Smoking fathers increase the risk for congenital heart defects in their children

Smoking fathers increase the risk for congenital heart defects in their children

How does the Smoking of expectant fathers on their children?

Smoking is unhealthy, this should be to all people. But how it affects the children when the Smoking end of fathers? Chinese Researchers found out now that the smoke of error in their offspring to increase at the end of fathers, the risk of congenital heart.

In a recent study by the Central South University in Changsha, it was found that when fathers Smoking with their offspring risk for congenital heart increases error. The results of the investigation were published in the English journal “the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology”.

Mothers-to-be, be sure to contact with Smoking people and Passive should avoid Smoking to protect the health of your unborn child. (Image: pressmaster/

Mothers should avoid contact with smoke

Expectant fathers should not necessarily stop Smoking, to harm your future child, warns the research team. Expectant mothers should not already Smoking and contact with second-Hand smoke (passive Smoking) can be avoided. Both is not only harmful for the health of the mother, but also for her unborn child. Fathers are Smoking a common source of passive in pregnant women, which seems to be for unborn children is even more dangerous if women affected by Smoking itself, explain the researchers.

Smoking can lead to malformations in the development of

Congenital heart defects are the main cause of stillbirths and relate to eight out of 1,000 worldwide-born babies. Prognosis and quality of life continue to improve with innovative operations, the effects remain life-long. Smoking is teratogenic, which means that it can lead to malformations in development. The connection between Smoking parents and the risk of congenital heart defects in their children to draw a growing attention to, say researchers from China.

Previous studies have focused on Smoking women

This was the first Meta-analysis of the relationships between the Smoking of the father, the passive Smoking of the mother and the risk of congenital heart defects in the offspring was investigated. Previous analyses have focused on Smoking among women. There are, however, more expectant Smoking fathers and passive Smoking pregnant women, as pregnant women who smoke.

How was the data in the study?

The researchers compiled the data available up to June 2018. This came from 125 studies, with 137.574 babies with congenital heart defects and 8.8 million potential parents.

Extreme increased risk due to passive Smoking?

All kinds of Smoking parents were associated with the risk of congenital heart defects in the offspring. The risk increased to 74 percent when smoked at the end of fathers. If pregnant Smoking mothers passive, increased the risk of congenital heart defects in their unborn children by 124 percent.

Risk due to Passive smoke moved through all stages of pregnancy

This was also the first study of Smoking in various stages of pregnancy and the risk of congenital heart defects has been studied. The contact of women with second-Hand smoke (Passive Smoking) was risky in all stages of pregnancy and even before pregnancy for their descendants. Women who had smoked during pregnancy, had an increased likelihood to have a child with a congenital heart defect, but that Smoking prior to pregnancy had no influence on the risk, explain the researchers.

In the case of a planned pregnancy you should stop Smoking

Women should quit Smoking before trying to become pregnant, to ensure that you are smoke free, if the pregnancy occurs. In addition, mothers-to-be, it is increasingly important to avoid passive Smoking. If people want to have children, you should be informed of the potential dangers of Smoking to your unborn child. (as)